Mar 18, 2020

Structure and characteristics

  • 5-3-5 structure

  • Common alternation with Zigzags. 

  • Wave A is most commonly steeper than Wave C in a Zigzag.  If you see a steep start to Wave A, think Zigzag.

  •  Wave A and C will alternate between being sudden and sharp, without defining waves, and well defined. If wave A is a "screamer" you can expect wave C to be well defined and shallow, and visa versa.

Wave 1 Structure Wave 1 Structure

  • Because of the 5-3-5 wave structure of a Zigzag you will often be placed in a situation of having to differentiate a Zigzag from a 1,2,3 wave count.  Getting it wrong has some serious repercussions. 

  • The chart below raises the question of whether an impulse wave or a corrective wave is developing.

Wave 1 Structure

While no single guideline you can apply will predict the answer, when using multiple guidelines it is possible to determine which is more probable.  

Wave 1 Structure

  • Corrective action is typically contained within parallel lines. This is not.

  • Wave A and Wave C tend toward equality. They are significantly different here.

  • Wave C is typically more shallow in slope than wave A. It is steeper here.

Again, while no single one of the above guidelines is determinative, and all three could be wrong, the fact that this chart violates each of the guidelines for a corrective wave, makes it more probable that we have a 1,2,3 structure in the chart.


  • The most common retracements of a Zigzag are (in order):

  • Wave B    1) .382 of WA    2) .618 of WA    3) .50 of WA

  • Wave C    1) 1.00 of WA (equality)    2) 1.618    3) .618

  • in a Zigzag, If Wave B reaches beyond .768, you have likely already finished the ABC correction and are now in your next impulse wave. 


Since we anticipate that WA = WC, once Wave 2.A is in, the Wave 2.B pivot can be estimated by transferring the distance of Wave 2.A to the .618 total expected retracement.  Draw a trend line from OA to A, transfer it so that the end is at the .618 retracement.  The other end approximates where Wave 2.B can be expected to pivot.


1 Home Rules and Guidelines Applicable to All Motive and Corrective Waves

2 Wave 1 Characteristics and Structure

3 Wave 2 Characteristics and Structure

4 Wave 3 Characteristics and Structure

5 Wave 4 Characteristics and Structure

6 Wave 5 Characteristics and Structure

7 Wave A Characteristics and Structure

8 Wave B Characteristics and Structure

9 Wave C Characteristics and Structure

10 Extensions Structure and Trading

11 Fibonacci Targets Price Targets for Retracement and Extension

12 1-2/1-2 Structures  Wave 1-2 /1-2 Characteristics

13 Zigzags Structure and characteristics

14 Flats This is All FLAT Rules 

15 Triangles Triangles (3-3-3-3-3) Description and samples

16 Complex Corrections Characteristics of Complex Corrections (Combinations)

17 Declaring X Waves When to declare an X wave and a complex correction

18 Ending Diagonals Description and samples.

19 Leading Diagonals  Description and samples. This is quite rare.

20 Wave Identification

21 Channeling How to Use Channels to Identify Waves

22 Correction Times Use the appropriate time frame to analyze the correction.

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