Wave A Characteristics

Wave A Characteristics

Mar 18, 2020


  • Wave A is either a 3 wave structure or a 5 wave structure.  Whichever it turns out to be will determine the course of the remainder of the corrective waves B and C.

  • A 3 wave structure denotes the correction will be a Flat or Expanded Flat.  It could also be wwave A of a triangle, but that is only applicable to wave 4 corrections.

  •   A 5 wave structure denotes a Zigzag correction or something more complex.

  • Remember the principle of Alternation. If you are in a wave 4 correction, look to the alternate of the correction type in wave 2. (wave 4 typically a flat if wave 2 was a zigzag.)

  • A sharp wave A is typically associated with a zigzag.  A shallow sloped WA, a Flat.

  • Pay attention the the previous impulse waves.  If the W5 was well extended, then there is a probability that the ABC correction in its entirety is going to be deeper than expected, or a double correction is expected.

  • Wave A may be a leading diagonal, so 3 wave internals and wave overlap can occur.


Wave 1 Structure



  • Trading Wave A can be challenging because you aren't ever quite sure when it has started and when it has ended.  At the beginning of WA, you are normally still open to the possibility that the prior W5 impulse will push to a new extreme in an extended W5.  At the end of three waves in WA you may be expecting 2 more waves, but the wave ends in 3 and reverses to create a flat.  That all having been mentioned, if you are trading the total correction you can certainly get it on at the failed new extereme of WA.(2 or B) and ride it out. 

  • IF the 3rd wave of A ends in the .382 retracement of wave 5, there is a good chance that you are dealing with a Flat correction. Similarly, if Wave AC is extended, it is far more likely to be a zigzag forming.


1 Home Rules and Guidelines Applicable to All Motive and Corrective Waves

2 Wave 1 Characteristics and Structure

3 Wave 2 Characteristics and Structure

4 Wave 3 Characteristics and Structure

5 Wave 4 Characteristics and Structure

6 Wave 5 Characteristics and Structure

7 Wave A Characteristics and Structure

8 Wave B Characteristics and Structure

9 Wave C Characteristics and Structure

10 Extensions Structure and Trading

11 Fibonacci Targets Price Targets for Retracement and Extension

12 1-2/1-2 Structures  Wave 1-2 /1-2 Characteristics

13 Zigzags Structure and characteristics

14 Flats This is All FLAT Rules 

15 Triangles Triangles (3-3-3-3-3) Description and samples

16 Complex Corrections Characteristics of Complex Corrections (Combinations)

17 Declaring X Waves When to declare an X wave and a complex correction

18 Ending Diagonals Description and samples.

19 Leading Diagonals  Description and samples. This is quite rare.

20 Wave Identification

21 Channeling How to Use Channels to Identify Waves

22 Correction Times Use the appropriate time frame to analyze the correction.

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