Mar 18, 2020


  • 3-3-5 internal structure

  • Alternation also is common in the 3 waves of Waves A and B in the flat. WA and WB alternate between a Zigzag and Flat.

  • The most common structure is that WA and WC demonstrate equality.

  • Regular Flats -- The typical structure of a regular flat is that Waves A, B, and C are close to equal lengths. Wave C is 5 waves and normally will be steeper than wave A.

  • Expanded Flats --  Wave B will result in a new price extreme beyond the origin of WA.  However, just because the structure is tight with previous W5 high do  assume that the following W5 will be shallow.

  • Running Flats -- Wave C does not travel the full expected extent, but stops short and reverses strongly.

  • In a Flat, WA is expected to be steeper than WC.


  • Regular Flat - Wave B will retrace 90% to 105% of WA. If greater than 100, it is an Expanded Flat. Wave C will travel about the same distance as WA. If you see 5 waves and a reversal before 90% don't try to force the Flat interpretation, it is likely wrong. Wave C can be an Ending Diagonal.

  • Expanded Flat - Wave B will retrace up to 1.382 of WA. It can be shorter or longer, but beyond 1.5 favors a different wave interpretation.  Wave C of an explanded flat typically extends to 1.382 of WA.

  • Running Flat - Wave C, while still consisting of 5 waves is cut short (think truncation) and reverses direction causing a very strong move in the opposite direction.


  • Flats generally show that the market continues to maintain a bullish or bearish attitude to the point that they are not interested in strongly correcting the trend.  After the correction you can expect a decent move.

  •  Note that when W2 is an expanded flat, you can pretty well count on W3 to achieve a 2.618 multiple of W1.  Expect bigger moves after flats.


1 Home Rules and Guidelines Applicable to All Motive and Corrective Waves

2 Wave 1 Characteristics and Structure

3 Wave 2 Characteristics and Structure

4 Wave 3 Characteristics and Structure

5 Wave 4 Characteristics and Structure

6 Wave 5 Characteristics and Structure

7 Wave A Characteristics and Structure

8 Wave B Characteristics and Structure

9 Wave C Characteristics and Structure

10 Extensions Structure and Trading

11 Fibonacci Targets Price Targets for Retracement and Extension

12 1-2/1-2 Structures  Wave 1-2 /1-2 Characteristics

13 Zigzags Structure and characteristics

14 Flats This is All FLAT Rules 

15 Triangles Triangles (3-3-3-3-3) Description and samples

16 Complex Corrections Characteristics of Complex Corrections (Combinations)

17 Declaring X Waves When to declare an X wave and a complex correction

18 Ending Diagonals Description and samples.

19 Leading Diagonals  Description and samples. This is quite rare.

20 Wave Identification

21 Channeling How to Use Channels to Identify Waves

22 Correction Times Use the appropriate time frame to analyze the correction.

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